As the ground freezes, it’s not a great time to plant anything right now. But it’s never too early to start to plan your spring garden! Drop by anytime for some expert advice – we’d love to help you build your dream garden.

 

General Plant Care & Watering Instructions

To properly water a tree or shrub, place a hose on trickle at the base of the plant.  Follow the chart below for a suggested length.  Water more frequently in the spring and summer.  Plants in direct sun and plants that have been installed in the last six months should be watered more often.

PLANT SIZE MINUTES
1-2 feet 2
2-3 feet 3
3-5 feet 2
6-8 feet 6
1-1.5 inch’s caliper 15
1.5 + inch’s caliper 20

For a potted plant, use good quality potting soil and leave a few inches at the top of the pot to hold water.  The pot also needs to have good drainage, so it is best to have an inch to three inches of rocks in the bottom of the pot.  Water daily, and in the summer heat, an additional watering may be required.  Always water thoroughly, until water flows from the drainage holes in the bottom.

 

Nalls’ Helpful Hints About Annuals

All annuals will generally flower from spring until the first frost in the fall. If you choose to use your annuals in a container, you will need to water at least once daily, but twice in heat spells. Annuals in the ground will need water too but not as desperately as in pots. All plants, drought tolerant or not will need plenty of water when first planted and getting established.

Marigolds
Not fussy about soil conditions and will bloom continuously through the season. They require full sun and won’t perform well with less than 6 hours daily. They are a sturdy plant and will need deadheading to avoid a slowdown in blooming. There are several different color combinations and bloom varieties. Marigolds have a musky scent that is unappealing to pests. Many people plant Marigolds with veggie plants to deter pests.
Petunias
Sun loving, long lasting, colorful, pest tolerant and easy to grow. Petunias require at least 6 hours of sun minimum and need moist but well drained soil. Deadhead these plants as needed, some varieties deadhead themselves. Wave petunias are known for their “trailing” effect, making them a wonderful addition for a hanging basket.
Zinnias
Sun and heat lovers. Their bright colors attract butterflies. They will need regular deadheading to perform well. One of the most reliable annuals for our Mid Atlantic climate.
Impatiens
Shade lover! Use them for a burst of color in a pesky shaded area of your yard. Medium shade is best for impatiens. They like moist, well drained soil and must adequately watered to stay looking nice. Impatiens like a 1/2 day of sun or less.
Begonias
Begonias provide long lasting bright color and are fairly drought tolerant. They like full sun but will perform well in light to medium shade as well. They are an excellent choice for border planting. The best plant for the novice gardener.
New Guinea Impatiens
New Guinea Impatiens will tolerate more sun than a traditional impatient but it still doesn’t want a ton of sun. They perform best when shaded from the hottest sun of the day. They are great container plants and have the same needs as traditional impatiens.
Coleus
Coleus prefers a moist loamy soil will good drainage. With our clay soil in Virginia, consider a raised bed for coleus or incorporate soil conditioner into the soil. They can tolerate full sun but will appreciate light to medium dappled shade. Performs very well in our region, often growing to 36″ tall!
Portulaca
Portulaca thrives in heat! They look great in a container, or planted in crevices of rock walls or on the edges of gravel paths. Portulaca is a trailing annual but will sometimes reseed itself in containers and come back the next year. In fact I have a pot of it that has been reseeding for 20+ years! This is one of the flowers we use in our rock wall along Beulah, and that area gets beaten with sun and heat from the road, the Portulaca does very well there.
Vinca
Vinca gives a similar color and shape to impatiens but loves the sun and is very drought tolerant. Vinca is commonly used for borders, edging, and bedding plants.
Scaevola
Heat and drought tolerant, no need to deadhead, trailing habit, loves full sun. Great in hanging baskets, window boxes, landscapes, and combos. A great low maintenance choice

 

Deer Resistant Plants

Generally deer do not like plants that are poisonous, fuzzy, smelly, or have sharp foliage or thorns.  Here are two lists; one is deer resistant, the other is deer attracting.  Unfortunately, deer are very fickle, and you may experience different results.

Achillea Forsythia
Agastache Heuchera
Ajuga Holly
Artemisia Hydrangea
Aster Iberis
Astilbe Ivy
Barberry Lavender
Birch, River Leucothe
Blue Spruce Lilac
Boxwood Magnolia
Cherry, Flowering Mums
Clematis Orn. Grasses
Coreopsis Pieris Japonica
Cotoneaster Pin Oak
Dianthus Pine, Mugho & White
Dicentra Pyracantha
Digitalis Redbud
Dogwood Rudbeckia
Dwarf Alberta Spruce Sedum
Echinacea Spirea
Ferns Yucca

 

Hummingbird Plants

Bee Balm Honeysuckle
Black & Blue Salvia Lantana
Black-Eyed Susan Lily
Butterfly Bush Penstemon
Canna Petunia
Cardinal Flower Phlox
Columbine Red Hot Poker
Dame’s Rocket Sage
Daylily Salvia
Dianthus Tiarella
Echinacea Trumpet Vine
Fuchsia Verbena
Heuchera Veronica

 

Butterfly Plants

Agastache Hollyhock
Ajuga Honeysuckle
Alyssum Hosta
Asclepias Iris
Aster Lamb’s Ear
Astilbe Lavender
Black-Eyed Susan Lily
Bleeding Heart Lobelia
Butterfly Bush Mums
Candytuft Phlox
Canna Salvia
Dianthus Scabiosa
Dill Sedum
Echinacea Trumpet Vine
Fennel Verbena
Foxglove Veronica
Hibiscus, Perennial Viola
Hibiscus, Tropical Yarrow

 

Shade Plants

Afternoon sun is much stronger than morning sun.  If the area receives morning sun, consider it partial shade.  If it receives six hours of sun, consider it a sunny site.

 

Light Shade

Astilbe Heuchera
Aucuba Hollyhock
Azalea Hydrangea
Begonia Impatiens
Boxwood Lady’s Mantle
Browallia Mazus
Columbine Rhododendron
Forget-Me-Not Torenia
Fuchsia Virginia Bluebells
Gallium

 

Deeper Shade

Bishop’s Hat Lamium
Bleeding Heart Saxifrage
Bugleweed Siverian
Ferns Solomon’s Seal
Foxglove Violet
Hosta